Kestel Tin Mine Nearby Goltepe Supplied Key Bronze-Making Metal to Hittites of Anatolia & Akkadians Upper Mesopotamia


About a hundred miles north of Tarsus (named for Japheth’s grandson Tarshish) in south-central Turkey in the Taurus (Toros/bull) mountains is the ancient tin mine named Kestel with two miles of tunnels, the only source of tin in that region of the world during the Ice Age and after when the Hittites used that tin to make bronze, as also did the Akkadians (Assyrians) of upper Mesopotamia.